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Arthroscopic biceps tenodesis: A new technique using bioabsorbable interference screw fixation

      Abstract

      Purpose: To report a new technique of arthroscopic biceps tenodesis using bioabsorbable interference screw fixation and the early results. Type of Study: Prospective, nonrandomized study. Methods: Technique: The principle of arthroscopic biceps tenodesis is simple: after biceps tenotomy, the tendon is exteriorized and doubled on a suture; the biceps tendon is then pulled into a humeral socket (7 or 8 mm × 25 mm) drilled at the top of the bicipital groove, and fixed using a bioabsorbable interference screw (8 or 9 mm × 25 mm) under arthroscopic control. Patients: 43 patients treated with this technique between 1997 and 1999 were followed-up for at least 1 year. The technique was indicated in 3 clinical situations: (1) with arthroscopic cuff repair (3 cases), (2) in case of isolated pathology of the biceps tendon with an intact cuff (6 cases), and (3) as an alternative to biceps tenotomy in patients with massive, degenerative and irreparable cuff tears (34 cases). The biceps pathology was tenosynovitis (4 cases), prerupture (15 cases), subluxation (11 cases), and luxation (13 cases). Results: The absolute Constant score improved from 43 points preoperatively to 79 points at review (P < .005). There was no loss of elbow movement and biceps strength was 90% of the strength of the other side. Two patients, operated on early in the series, presented with a rupture of the tenodesis. In both cases the bicipital tendon was very friable and the diameter of the screw proved to be insufficient (7 mm). No neurologic or vascular complications occurred. Conclusions: Arthroscopic biceps tenodesis using bioabsorbable screw fixation is technically possible and gives good clinical results. This technique can be used in cases of isolated pathologic biceps tendon or a cuff tear. A very thin, fragile, almost ruptured biceps tendon is the technical limit of this arthroscopic technique.
      Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol 18, No 9 (November-December), 2002: pp 1002– 1012

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