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The anatomy, pathology, and definitive treatment of rotator interval lesions: current concepts

      Neer was the first to use the term “rotator interval” in 1970.
      • Neer II, C.S.
      Displaced proximal humeral fractures, I classification and evaluation.
      In that same year, Nobuhara and Ikeda
      • Nobuhara K.
      • Ikeda H.
      Rotator interval lesion.
      first described lesions of the rotator interval (RI) in several patients. In 1980, Neer and Foster
      • Neer II, C.S.
      • Foster C.R.
      Interior capsular shift for involuntary inferior and multidirectional instability of the shoulder A preliminary report.
      presented evidence of the role of the RI in shoulder stability. The next year Rowe and Zarin
      • Rowe C.R.
      • Zarin B.
      Recurrent transient subluxation of the shoulder.
      wrote about variations in the size of the interval among patients with anterior instability. The idea that the RI is a distinct anatomic area that has distinct pathology is a relatively new concept. The understanding of its role in shoulder mechanics continues to evolve, as does the treatments the pathologic conditions that affect it.
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