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Arthroscopic Labral Repair in the Hip: Surgical Technique and Review of the Literature

      Abstract

      Hip pain can be caused by multiple pathologies. Injuries to the acetabular labrum are the most common pathologic findings identified at the time of hip arthroscopy. Five causes of labral tears have been identified; these include trauma, femoroacetabular impingement, capsular laxity, dysplasia, and degeneration. Studies have shown the function and the importance of the labrum. To restore function of the labrum, new surgical techniques, such as suture anchor repair, have been described. The goal of arthroscopic treatment of a torn labrum is to relieve pain by eliminating the unstable flap tear that causes hip discomfort. The goals of these treatments are to maintain the function of the hip joint and decrease the development of premature arthrosis.

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