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The Disabled Throwing Shoulder: Spectrum of Pathology—10-Year Update

      Abstract

      In the 10 years since the current concept series entitled “The Disabled Throwing Shoulder: Spectrum of Pathology” was conceived and written, many studies have been reported that add much more information to the understanding of the disabled throwing shoulder (DTS). The editors of Arthroscopy and the authors of the original series believed that an update to the original series would be beneficial to provide an organized overview of current knowledge that could update the thought process regarding this problem, provide better assessment and treatment guidelines, and guide further research. A dedicated meeting, including current published researchers and experienced clinicians in this subject, was organized by the Shoulder Center of Kentucky. The meeting was organized around 5 areas of the DTS that were highlighted in the original series and appear to be key in creating the DTS spectrum and to understanding and treating the DTS: (1) the role of the kinetic chain; (2) the role and clinical evaluation of the scapula; (3) the role of deficits in glenohumeral rotation, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and total range-of-motion deficit in the causation of labral injury and DTS; (4) the role of superior labral (SLAP) injuries and rotator cuff injuries; and (5) the composition and progression of rehabilitation protocols for functional restoration of the DTS. The meeting consisted of presentations within each area, followed by discussions, and resulted in summaries regarding what is known in each area, what is not known but thought to be important, and strategies to implement and enlarge the knowledge base.
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