The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the incidence of complications after posterior hindfoot endoscopy.
Ovid/Medline and Google Scholar were systematically searched for pertinent references to be included. In addition, we hand-searched common American and European orthopaedic and podiatric surgical journals for relevant articles. Articles considered for inclusion were published in peer-reviewed journals, described complications after posterior hindfoot endoscopy using a standard 2-portal technique, and involved 25 or more patients treated.
We identified 335 potentially relevant publications, of which 5 met our inclusion criteria. A total of 452 ankles (452 patients) were included in this study. Overall, 17 complications (3.8%) occurred, with only 8 (1.8%) requiring additional treatment or operative intervention.
The endoscopic approach for the treatment of hindfoot and ankle pathology is safe with a low incidence of complications. However, additional studies with prospective designs should be undertaken to determine the long-term patient outcomes using validated scoring systems.
Level of Evidence
Level IV, systematic review of Level III and IV studies.
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Accepted: August 26, 2013
Received: July 25, 2013
The authors report the following potential conflict of interest or source of funding: T.S.R. receives support from American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: Board of Directors, Executive Committee, President-Elect. Stryker Orthopaedics.
© 2013 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.