Level of Evidence
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Arthroscopy
- Anterior cruciate ligament injury in national collegiate athletic association basketball and soccer: A 13-year review.Am J Sports Med. 2005; 33: 524-530
- Correlation of anthropometric measurements, strength, anterior cruciate ligament size, and intercondylar notch characteristics to sex differences in anterior cruciate ligament tear rates.Am J Sports Med. 2001; 29: 58-66
- Knee injury patterns among men and women in collegiate basketball and soccer. NCAA data and review of literature.Am J Sports Med. 1995; 23: 694-701
- Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction autograft choice: Bone-tendon-bone versus hamstring: Does it really matter? A systematic review.Am J Sports Med. 2004; 32: 1986-1995
- Analysis of outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament repair with 5-year follow-up: allograft versus autograft.Arthroscopy. 2005; 21: 774-785
- Factors affecting return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon and hamstring graft: A prospective clinical investigation.Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006; 14: 1021-1028
- Revision ACL reconstruction outcomes: MOON cohort.J Knee Surg. 2011; 24: 289-294
- Outcome of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A systematic review.J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; 94: 531-536
- The relative incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury in men and women at the United States Naval Academy.Am J Sports Med. 2000; 28: 98-102
- Anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes: Part 1, mechanisms and risk factors.Am J Sports Med. 2006; 34: 299-311
- Risk factors and predictors of subsequent ACL injury in either knee after ACL reconstruction: Prospective analysis of 2488 primary ACL reconstructions from the MOON cohort.Am J Sports Med. 2015; 43: 1583-1590
- Comparative injury rates of uninjured, anterior cruciate ligament-deficient, and reconstructed knees in a skiing population.Am J Sports Med. 1999; 27: 606-610
- Intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injury in Australian footballers.Am J Sports Med. 2001; 29: 196-200
- Knee joint laxity and neuromuscular characteristics of male and female soccer and basketball players.Am J Sports Med. 1999; 27: 312-319
- Risk factors for a contralateral anterior cruciate ligament injury.Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010; 18: 277-291
- Allograft versus autograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Predictors of failure from a MOON prospective longitudinal cohort.Sports Health. 2011; 3: 73-81
- Risk of tearing the intact anterior cruciate ligament in the contralateral knee and rupturing the anterior cruciate ligament graft during the first 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A prospective MOON cohort study.Am J Sports Med. 2007; 35: 1131-1134
- Development and evaluation of an activity rating scale for disorders of the knee.Am J Sports Med. 2001; 29: 213-218
- The impact of confounder selection criteria on effect estimation.Am J Epidemiol. 1989; 129: 125-137
- Incidence of graft rupture 15 years after bilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions: A case-control study.J Bone Joint Br. 2013; 95: 798-802
- Objective criteria for return to athletics after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and subsequent reinjury rates: A systematic review.Phys Sportsmed. 2011; 39: 100-110
- Activity level and graft type as risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament graft failure: A case-control study.Am J Sports Med. 2009; 37: 2362-2367
- Differences in mechanisms of failure, intraoperative findings, and surgical characteristics between single- and multiple-revision ACL reconstructions: A MARS cohort study.Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41: 1571-1578
- Age, graft size, and Tegner activity level as predictors of failure in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring autograft.Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41: 1808-1812
- Failed anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Analysis of factors leading to instability after primary surgery.Chin Med J (Engl). 2013; 126: 280-285
- ACL graft failure location differs between allografts and autografts.Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol. 2012; 4: 22
- The influence of hamstring autograft size on patient-reported outcomes and risk of revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) Cohort Study.Arthroscopy. 2013; 29: 1948-1953
- Femoral tunnel malposition in ACL revision reconstruction.J Knee Surg. 2012; 25: 361-368
- Increased risk of revision after anteromedial compared with transtibial drilling of the femoral tunnel during primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Results from the Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Register.Arthroscopy. 2013; 29: 98-105
- Double-bundle versus single-bundle reconstruction for anterior cruciate ligament rupture in adults.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; 11: CD008413
- Long-term failure of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Arthroscopy. 2013; 29: 1566-1571
- Allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the young, active patient: Tegner activity level and failure rate.Arthroscopy. 2010; 26: 1593-1601
- Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with bone-patellar tendon-bone graft: Comparison of autograft, fresh-frozen allograft, and gamma-irradiated allograft.Arthroscopy. 2012; 28: 211-217
- A meta-analysis of patellar tendon autograft versus patellar tendon allograft in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Arthroscopy. 2008; 24: 292-298
- Survival comparison of allograft and autograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction at the United States Military Academy.Am J Sports Med. 2012; 40: 1242-1246
- A multidisciplinary study of the healing of an intraarticular anterior cruciate ligament graft in a goat model.Am J Sports Med. 2001; 29: 620-626
- Prospective analysis of failure rate and predictors of failure after anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with allograft.Am J Sports Med. 2012; 40: 800-807
- A systematic review of failed anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autograft compared with allograft in young patients.Sports Health. 2015; 7: 207-216
- Outcomes and revision rate after bone-patellar tendon-bone allograft versus autograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in patients aged 18 years or younger with closed physes.Arthroscopy. 2012; 28: 1819-1825
- Bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft versus allograft in outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A meta-analysis of 5182 patients.Am J Sports Med. 2013; 41: 2439-2448
- Comparison of revision rates in bone-patella tendon-bone autograft and allograft anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Orthopedics. 2010; 33: 12
- Nonirradiated versus irradiated Achilles allograft: In vivo failure comparison.Am J Sports Med. 2007; 35: 1653-1658
- Comparison of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions using patellar tendon autograft or allograft.Arthroscopy. 1996; 12: 414-421
- Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Allograft versus autograft.Arthroscopy. 2003; 19: 453-462
- The results of fresh-frozen patellar tendon allografts for chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficiency of the knee.Am J Sports Med. 1992; 20: 118-121
- Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autografts compared with non-irradiated, non-chemically treated allografts.Arthroscopy. 2013; 29: 1113-1122
- The effect of graft tissue on anterior cruciate ligament outcomes: A multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled trial comparing autograft hamstrings with fresh-frozen anterior tibialis allograft.Arthroscopy. 2012; 28: 1079-1086
- Autograft versus nonirradiated allograft tissue for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A systematic review.Am J Sports Med. 2014; 42: 492-499
- Revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon allograft and autograft: 2- and 5-year results.Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2012; 132: 867-874
- Fresh-frozen free-tendon allografts versus autografts in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Delayed remodeling and inferior mechanical function during long-term healing in sheep.Arthroscopy. 2008; 24: 448-458
- Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using allogeneic tendon. Long-term followup.Am J Sports Med. 1990; 18: 457-465
- Effect of graft choice on the outcome of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the Multicenter ACL Revision Study (MARS) Cohort.Am J Sports Med. 2014; 42: 2301-2310
- Predictors of activity level 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR): A Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) ACLR cohort study.Am J Sports Med. 2010; 38: 2040-2050
- A rigorous comparison between the sexes of results and complications after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Am J Sports Med. 1997; 25: 514-526
- Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in men and women: An outcome analysis comparing gender.Arthroscopy. 2001; 17: 588-596
- ACL reconstruction: Do outcomes differ by sex? A systematic review.J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014; 96: 507-512
- Incidence and risk factors for graft rupture and contralateral rupture after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Arthroscopy. 2005; 21: 948-957
MOON Knee Group contributing authors:
Richard D. Parker, M.D., Jack T. Andrish, M.D., Morgan H. Jones, M.D., M.P.H.: Orthopaedic and Rheumatologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Garfield Heights, Ohio, U.S.A.
Rick W. Wright, M.D., Matthew J. Matava, M.D., and Robert H. Brophy, M.D.: Department of Orthopaedics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A.
Robert G. Marx, M.D., M.Sc.: Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York, U.S.A.
Eric C. McCarty, M.D., Michelle L. Wolcott, M.D., and Armando F. Vidal, M.D.: Department of Orthopaedics, University of Colorado Denver, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.A.
Annunziato Amendola, M.D.: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A.
Brian R. Wolf, M.D., M.S.: Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, U.S.A.
Warren R. Dunn, M.D., M.P.H.: Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
The authors report the following potential conflicts of interest or sources of funding: C.C.K., A.D.P., E.K.R., L.J.H., T.E.H., and K.P.S. have grant from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases of the National Institutes of Health and Vanderbilt Sports Medicine Research Fund; and Vanderbilt fund received gifts from Smith & Nephew Endoscopy and DonJoy Orhtopaedics. D.C.F. receives consultancy fees from Vericel, DePuy Mitek, Conmed, Zimmer, and Smith & Nephew. R.W.W. receives support from Board of Directors, American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (not a paid board position); Board of Directors, American Orthopaedic Association (not a paid board position); and Board of Directors, American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (not a paid board position); has grants/grants pending from National Institutes of Health and National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases; and receives royalties from Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. R.G.M. receives royalties from The ACL Solution as an author (Desmos Health, 2012) and from ACL Revision as an editor (Springer, 2014); is a Deputy Editor for Sports Medicine, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. A.A. receives consultancy fees from Arthrex; royalties from Arthrex and Arthrosurface; has grants/grants pending from National Institutes of Health and Department of Defense; and has stock/stock options in Arthrosurface and MTP Solutions. M.J.M. is a paid consultant for the design of surgical instrumentation in Ostesys; has grants/grants pending from Arthrex and Breg (receives unrestricted educational grants in support of his institution's sports medicine fellowship); and receives royalties from Schwartz Biomedical (received royalties for the design of a surgical implant of the knee). B.R.W. has a board membership in the Scientific Advisory Board of United Health Care; has grants/grants pending from Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation and Arthrex; and receives payment for lectures including service on speakers' bureaus from ConMed. A.F.V. has a board membership in Ceterix, Stryker, and Arthrocare; has expert testimony in Ceterix and Stryker; and receives fellowship support from Smith & Nephew. Full ICMJE author disclosure forms are available for this article online, as supplementary material.