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Concentrated Bone Marrow Aspirate May Decrease Postoperative Cyst Occurrence Rate in Autologous Osteochondral Transplantation for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

Published:November 10, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.06.047

      Purpose

      To clarify if the use of concentrated bone marrow aspirate (CBMA) would affect both postoperative functional outcomes and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes compared with those of autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) alone; in addition, to assess the efficacy of CBMA reducing the presence of postoperative cyst formation following AOT in the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus.

      Methods

      Fifty-four (92%) of 59 eligible patients who underwent AOT between 2004 and 2008 were retrospectively assessed at a minimum of 5-year follow-up. Twenty-eight patients were treated with AOT and CBMA (AOT/CBMA group) and 26 patients were treated with AOT alone (AOT-alone group). Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Foot and Ankle Outcome Scores (FAOS) and Short-Form 12 (SF-12) preoperatively and at final follow-up. Postoperative MRI was evaluated with the modified Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue (MOCART) scoring system. Cyst formation was also evaluated on postoperative MRI.

      Results

      The mean FAOS and SF-12 significantly improved in both the AOT/CBMA and AOT-alone groups, but there were no statistical differences between groups in FAOS (80.5 vs 75.5, P = .225) and SF-12 (71.1 vs 69.6, P = .756) at final follow-up. Additionally, there was no difference in the mean MOCART score (80.4 vs 84.3, P = .484); however, AOT/CBMA did result in a statistically lower rate of cyst formation (46.4% vs 76.9%, P = .022). No significant differences were found in the mean postoperative FAOS and SF-12 between patients with and without cysts postoperatively.

      Conclusions

      CBMA reduced postoperative cyst occurrence rate in patients treated with AOT; however, CBMA did not result in significant differences in medium term functional outcomes and MOCART score in patients who underwent AOT.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective comparative trial.
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