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Preoperative Shoulder Injections Are Associated With Increased Risk of Revision Rotator Cuff Repair

Published:February 04, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2018.10.107

      Purpose

      The goal of this study was to determine whether the timing of preoperative shoulder injections is associated with an increased risk of revision rotator cuff repair following primary rotator cuff repair (RCR).

      Methods

      A retrospective analysis of claims data of privately insured subjects from the MarketScan database for the years 2010 to 2014 was conducted. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to compare the odds of reoperation between groups. Laterality for the injection, index procedure, and subsequent surgery were verified for all subjects.

      Results

      A total of 4,959 subjects with an arthroscopic RCR were identified, 392 of whom required revision RCR within the following 3 years. Patients who had an injection within 6 months preceding the index surgery were at a much higher risk of undergoing reoperation for revision RCR: 0 to 3 months prior, adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.375 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.027-1.840); 3 to 6 months prior, AOR 1.822 (95% CI, 1.290-2.573); and 6 to 12 months prior, AOR 1.237 (95% CI, 0.787-1.943).

      Conclusions

      Patients who had received an injection within 6 months prior to RCR were much more likely to undergo a revision cuff repair within the following 3 years. The risk of reoperation significantly declines if there is more than 6 months between injection and RCR. Consideration should be given to minimizing preoperative injections in patients requiring RCR or delaying primary RCR for 6 months following injection.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, therapeutic study.
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