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Comparison of Preparation Techniques for Isolating Subacromial Bursa-Derived Cells as a Potential Augment for Rotator Cuff Repair

Published:November 07, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.07.024

      Purpose

      To identify an effective, nonenzymatic method for maximizing the yield of subacromial bursa-derived nucleated cells for augmenting rotator cuff repair.

      Methods

      Subacromial bursa (minimum 0.2 g) was collected prospectively over the supraspinatus from patients (n = 7) with at least one full-thickness tendon tear undergoing arthroscopic primary rotator cuff repair. Samples were processed and analyzed prospectively using 4 different methods: (1) mechanical digestion with scissors (chopping), (2) collagenase digestion, (3) mechanical digestion with a tissue homogenizer, and (4) whole tissue with minimal manipulation. Tissue from each method were plated and cultured in a low oxygen tension, humidified incubator for 7 days. Following incubation, cellularity was assessed with nucleated cell count using a Coulter Counter. Flow cytometry was performed on the non-enzymatic method that demonstrated the greatest cell count to confirm the presence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The Kruskal–Wallis H test and post hoc Dunn's test were used for statistical analysis.

      Results

      Following incubation, mean nucleated cell counts (cells/mL) were (1) 102,681 ± 73,249 for chopping, (2) 76,190 ± 66,275 for collagenase, (3) 31,686 ± 29,234 for homogenization, and (4) 11,162 ± 4016 for whole tissue. There was no significant difference between chopping and collagenase (P = .45) or between homogenization and collagenase (P = .52). Both chopping (P = .003) and collagenase (P = .03) produced significantly more cells when compared with whole tissue. Flow cytometry confirmed the presence of MSC markers on samples processed by chopping.

      Conclusions

      Mechanical isolation of subacromial bursa-derived cells using a chopping technique demonstrated similar nucleated cell count compared with collagenase, along with the confirmed presence of MSCs.

      Clinical Relevance

      This study demonstrated a nonenzymatic, mechanical method for isolating subacromial bursa-derived cells to potentially augment rotator cuff repair. Further clinical studies are required to assess its possible advent in the tendon–bone healing process.
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