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Fascia Lata Autograft Versus Human Dermal Allograft in Arthroscopic Superior Capsular Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears: A Systematic Review of Clinical Outcomes

  • Clara Isabel de Campos Azevedo
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Clara Isabel de Campos Azevedo, M.D., Serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental EPE, Estrada do Forte do Alto do Duque, 1449-005 Lisboa, Portugal.
    Affiliations
    Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga

    ICVS/3B's–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães

    Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon

    Hospital dos SAMS de Lisboa, Lisbon

    Clínica GIGA Saúde, Lisbon
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  • Renato Andrade
    Affiliations
    Clínica do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre–FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto

    Dom Henrique Research Centre, Porto

    Faculty of Sports, University of Porto, Porto
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  • Ana Catarina Leiria Pires Gago Ângelo
    Affiliations
    Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon

    Hospital dos SAMS de Lisboa, Lisbon
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  • João Espregueira-Mendes
    Affiliations
    Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga

    ICVS/3B's–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães

    Clínica do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre–FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto
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  • Nuno Ferreira
    Affiliations
    Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga

    ICVS/3B's–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães

    Grupo Trofa Saúde, Portugal

    Hospital de Santa Maria Maior, Barcelos, Portugal
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  • Nuno Sevivas
    Affiliations
    Life and Health Sciences Research Institute, School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga

    ICVS/3B's–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães

    Clínica do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre–FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto

    Grupo Trofa Saúde, Portugal
    Search for articles by this author
Published:December 12, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.08.033

      Purpose

      To determine the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (ASCR) using either fascia lata autograft or human dermal allograft for irreparable rotator cuff tears (IRCTs).

      Methods

      A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guidelines by searching the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases through January 31, 2019. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 5 or more consecutive patients who underwent ASCR for IRCTs; clinical outcome measures reported at a minimum follow-up of 12 months; and magnetic resonance imaging assessment at a minimum follow-up of 6 months. The methodologic quality was evaluated using the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies (MINORS). A narrative synthesis of data was performed. Mean outcome improvements were compared with minimal clinically important differences.

      Results

      We identified 7 eligible studies that included 344 shoulders in 338 patients who underwent ASCR for IRCTs (all Level IV studies). The mean MINORS score was 12.3 ± 1.60. Of the 7 studies, 5 had a high risk of bias (MINORS score ≤12): 2 studies using only fascia lata autograft and 3 studies using only human dermal allograft. The mean age of patients ranged from 59.4 to 66.9 years. The mean follow-up time ranged from 12 to 48 months. All studies reported statistically significant and clinically important mean improvements in active elevation (range of means, 28°-56°), the Constant score (range of means, 12-47.1 points), or the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score (range of means, 29.3-56 points). In total, 218 shoulders underwent postoperative magnetic resonance imaging. The graft tear rate reported in studies using fascia lata autograft (181 shoulders) ranged from 5% to 32%, whereas the values reported in studies using human dermal allograft (37 shoulders) ranged from 20% to 75%.

      Conclusions

      ASCR using either fascia lata autograft or human dermal allograft leads to significant and clinically important improvements in clinical outcomes in IRCT patients at 12 months or later.

      Level of Evidence

      Level IV, systematic review of Level IV studies.
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