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The Reduction of Heterotopic Ossification Incidence After Hip Arthroscopy in Patients Treated With Selective Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitor (Celecoxib)

Published:November 13, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2019.08.034

      Purpose

      To evaluate the effectiveness of celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, in reducing heterotopic ossification (HO) after hip arthroscopic surgery and to evaluate celecoxib’s impact on clinical outcomes.

      Methods

      We performed a retrospective review of patients who received hip arthroscopy performed by the same surgeon between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2016. Patients who had an allergy to sulfa drugs, had pre-existing HO or previous surgery on the operative side, or failed to complete radiographic follow-up at 6 months postoperatively were excluded. Patients in the treatment group received 400 mg of celecoxib postoperatively for 6 weeks, whereas the control group received no postoperative celecoxib. The incidence of HO was assessed using anteroposterior radiographs obtained at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years postoperatively. Patients completed the International Hip Outcome Tool 33 survey, and the proportion of patients who met the minimal clinically important difference, substantial clinical benefit (SCB), and absolute SCB was calculated.

      Results

      A total of 559 patients were identified. After application of the exclusion criteria, 454 patients were included in the study (211 in control group and 243 in treatment group). The overall incidence of HO was 20.3% (n = 92). The treatment group had a significantly lower incidence of HO at 6 months (P = .006), 1 year (P < .001), and 2 years (P = .008) postoperatively. At 2 years postoperatively, the treatment group had a significantly higher International Hip Outcome Tool 33 score on average: 64.2 versus 57.3 (P = .023). No significant difference in the proportion of patients reaching the minimal clinically important difference, SCB, or absolute SCB was found at any of the postoperative time points.

      Conclusion

      The findings of this study suggest that a prophylactic treatment regimen of 400 mg of celecoxib once daily for 6 weeks significantly reduces the incidence of HO formation after hip arthroscopic surgery; however, it did not impact clinical outcomes.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective, comparative case-control study.
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