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Hamstring Autograft Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using an All-Inside Technique With and Without Independent Suture Tape Reinforcement

Published:October 31, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2020.09.002

      Purpose

      To compare the (1) rates of complications and reoperations, (2) rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure, and (3) patient-reported outcomes (PROs) among patients after hamstring autograft ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with and without independent suture tape reinforcement at a minimum 2-year clinical follow-up.

      Methods

      We performed a 1:2 matched-cohort comparison of patients who underwent hamstring autograft ACLR with and without independent suture tape reinforcement between July 2011 and July 2017. Patients were matched according to age, sex, body mass index, preinjury Tegner activity score, and concomitant meniscal injury. Medical records were reviewed for demographic characteristics, additional injuries, and concomitant procedures. PRO scores (including Tegner activity, Lysholm, and International Knee Documentation Committee scores) and physical examination findings were collected both preoperatively and at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively.

      Results

      Overall, 108 patients who underwent ACLR were included: 36 patients (mean age, 25.3 years; range, 13-44 years) with independent suture tape reinforcement and 72 patients (mean age, 24.9 years; range, 13-54 years) without suture tape reinforcement. Overall, 5 of 36 suture tape patients (14%) and 10 of 72 control patients (14%) underwent reoperations. At an average follow-up of 26.1 months in the suture tape cohort and 31.3 months in the control cohort, 1 patient in the suture tape cohort and 4 patients in the control cohort experienced graft failure. There were no statistically significant differences between the suture tape and control groups regarding return-to-sport rate (89% and 88%, respectively), postoperative International Knee Documentation Committee score (94.4 and 93.8, respectively), and postoperative Lysholm score (95.6 and 94, respectively). There was a statistically significant difference between the suture tape and control groups in postoperative Tegner activity score, at 7.1 (95% confidence interval, 6.5-7.6) and 6.4 (95% confidence interval, 6.2-6.6), respectively (P = .026).

      Conclusions

      ACLR with hamstring autograft and independent suture tape reinforcement was performed safely with low rates of complications, graft failure, and reoperations with similar PROs, function, and return-to-sport rates when compared with hamstring autograft ACLR without suture tape reinforcement at a minimum 2-year follow-up.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective comparative study.
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