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Superior Capsular Reconstruction With Autologous Fascia Lata Using a Single Lateral-Row Technique Is an Effective Option in Massive Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears: Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up

      Purpose

      The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiologic outcomes of arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction (ASCR) with fascia lata autograft in patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears (IRCTs) performed using a single lateral-row fixation technique.

      Methods

      We studied a retrospective case series of patients with large or massive IRCTs for ASCR with fascia lata autograft. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Constant score. Healing of the graft was assessed by magntic resonance imaging or ultrasound. Acromiohumeral distance was evaluated by radiographs.

      Results

      Thirty-one patients with an average age of 61 years and an average follow-up of 35 months (24-51 months) underwent ASCR with fascia lata autograft. There was a significant improvement in VAS (7.7-0.7), Constant score (36.0-78.7), forward elevation (115°-171°), external rotation (33°-50°), strength (0.3 kg-2.3 kg), and acromiohumeral distance (6.1 mm-8.6 mm) (P < 0.001). Graft failure was present in 13.8% of patients, as shown by magnetic resonance imaging (26 patients) or ultrasound (3 patients). Patients with failed ASCR showed worse Constant scores (68.5.8 vs 80.2, P = 0.007), worse VAS (2.5 vs 0.4, P = 0.00002), worse external rotation (20° vs 54°, P = 0.004), lower acromiohumeral distance (5mm vs 9mm, P = 0.007), and a high association with the presence of os acromiale (χ2 P = 0.003). No revision or subsequent surgical procedures were required.

      Conclusions

      ASCR, with autologous fascia lata and single lateral row configuration, is an effective option in irreparable rotator cuff tears and results in clinical and radiologic improvement.

      Level of Evidence

      Level IV, retrospective case series.
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