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Arthroscopic Biceps Transfer to the Glenoid With Bankart Repair Grants Satisfactory 2-Year Results for Recurrent Anteroinferior Glenohumeral Instability in Subcritical Bone Loss

Published:December 06, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2021.11.043

      Purpose

      To evaluate the short-term outcomes of the arthroscopic dynamic anterior stabilization (DAS), which is a transfer of the intra-articular portion of the long head biceps through the subscapularis split and fixation on the anterior glenoid, combined with a Bankart repair.

      Methods

      A retrospective evaluation was performed of DAS and a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Inclusion criteria were the presence of anteroinferior instability, a positive apprehension test at 90° of abduction and external rotation, and subcritical glenoid bone loss (less than 20%). Exclusion criteria were severe (≥20%) glenoid bone loss, presence of biceps lesions or rupture (spontaneous or biceps tenotomy), pre-existing glenohumeral osteoarthritis, multidirectional or voluntary instability, previous arthroscopic stabilization procedure, and epilepsy. Outcomes included the Rowe score, range of motion (ROM), and recurrence.

      Results

      Twenty-three patients were treated with DAS and arthroscopic Bankart repair during the study period. One person was lost to follow-up, leaving 22 patients available at last follow-up. Those 22 patients had an average age of 31.9 ± 12.3 years (range, 18-68) and were evaluated at an average follow-up of 3.2 ± 0.7 years (range, 1.2-4.2). The Rowe score increased from 36.1 ± 16.2 (range, 10-70) preoperatively to 89.8 ± 20.1 (range, 30-100) postoperatively (P < .001) with almost all patients (90.9%) improving their score beyond the minimal clinically important difference of 9.7 points. Postoperatively, ROM was maintained. Three patients (13.6%) analyzed at final follow-up demonstrated recurrence, one was successfully treated conservatively, but two revised with a Latarjet. No postoperative Popeye deformity, biceps cramping, or other complication were reported.

      Conclusions

      The DAS procedure may be an option for augmentation of a Bankart repair in patients with anterior shoulder instability and subcritical bone loss. ROM is maintained without evidence of postoperative Popeye deformity or biceps cramping.

      Level of Evidence

      Level IV, retrospective study.
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