Peripheral Nerve Block for Hip Arthroscopy Does Not Have any Clinical Advantage Compared With Local Anesthetic Regarding Pain Management: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Published:December 14, 2021DOI:


      To evaluate the efficacy of peripheral nerve block on reduction in opioid consumption and pain control after hip arthroscopy.


      To identify studies evaluating the effects of peripheral nerve block on pain control and reduction in opioid consumption in hip arthroscopy, we searched all records in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases until May 2021. Studies with the following characteristics were considered eligible: 1) patients who underwent a hip arthroscopy (population); 2) patients who received peripheral nerve block (intervention); 3) patients who did not receive peripheral nerve block (comparator); 4) record of total opioid consumption as a primary outcome and pain level at 1, 3 to 6, and 24 hours after surgery, patient satisfaction, and incidence of nausea and vomiting as secondary outcomes (outcomes); and 5) randomized controlled trial (study design). Data were independently extracted by two reviewers and synthesized using a random or fixed-effects model, according to the heterogeneity.


      Eight RCTs were finally included in the meta-analysis. There were no significant differences in postoperative opioid consumption at 24 hours (standardized mean difference [SMD] = −0.091, 95% confidence interval [CI] [−0.270, 0.089]) or in visual analog scale (VAS) score at 1 (SMD = 0.299, 95% CI [−0.758, 0.160]), 3 to 6 (SMD = −0.304, 95% CI [−0.655, 0.047]), and 24 (SMD = −0.230, 95% CI [−0.520, 0.060]) hours postoperatively between the peripheral nerve block and control groups. Moreover, no significant differences were observed in patient satisfaction (SMD < 0.001, 95% CI [−0.284, 0.284]) or the incidence of nausea and vomiting (SMD = 0.808, 95% CI [0.311, 2.104]) between the two groups.


      Peripheral nerve block for hip arthroscopy has no clinical advantage regarding pain management after surgery when compared with the group that received the local infiltration of analgesics without peripheral nerve block.

      Level of Evidence

      Level II, meta-analysis of level I and II randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
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