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Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes of All-Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedure With Modified Suture Button Fixation: Excellent Bone Healing With a Low Complication Rate

Published:January 27, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2022.01.020

      Purpose

      To investigate the clinical outcomes and radiologic evaluation of an all-arthroscopic Latarjet procedure with modified button fixation.

      Methods

      Patients who received all-arthroscopic Latarjet procedure with modified suture button fixation between September 2015 to September 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Indications for surgery were recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with any 1 of these 3 conditions: glenoid defect >15%, contact-sport athlete, or failure after Bankart repair. Inclusion criteria included cases who received this surgery. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by University of California Los Angeles, ASES and Rowe score with a minimal follow-up of 3 years. Radiologic assessment on 3D computed tomography scan was performed preoperatively and postoperatively at different time points. Complications were also recorded.

      Results

      A total of 30 patients were eventually included in this study. The mean follow-up time was 38.0 ± 2.5 months. There were 25 patients who performed contact sports. Of them, 10 patients were without glenoid defect >15% or failed Bankart repair. The remaining 20 patients had glenoid defect >15%, including 2 failed Bankart cases. Ten patients had glenoid defect < 13.5%, and the rest 20 patients had > 13.5%. UCLA, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, and Rowe score significantly improved during follow-up, and the improvement exceeded MCID for all patients. No severe complications were noted. In total, 86.7% of the graft positioning was measured as flush and 13.3% as medial. The bone union rate was 96.7% at 3 months postoperatively and at final follow-up. The remodeling process for the restoration of the normal anatomy of the lower part of glenoid was noted.

      Conclusions

      All-arthroscopic Latarjet with modified suture button fixation can achieve stable fixation of the coracoid, good clinical outcomes (all patients with improvement exceeding MCID), low complications rate. Furthermore, the bone remodeling process contributes to the recovery of the normal anatomy of anteroinferior glenoid.

      Study Design

      Case series; Level of evidence, 4.
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