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Joint Hypermobility Is Associated With Increased Risk of Postoperative Iliopsoas Tendinitis After Hip Arthroscopy for Femoroacetabular Impingement

Published:February 24, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2022.02.015

      Purpose

      To determine whether increased joint hypermobility, quantified by the Beighton score, is associated with a greater incidence of iliopsoas tendinitis (IPT) in postoperative hip arthroscopy patients treated for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI).

      Methods

      We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent hip arthroscopy for labral repair and FAI from 2016 to 2020 for whom at least 12 months of follow-up data were available. The Beighton score was measured by a blinded, independent reviewer. IPT was clinically diagnosed by a sports medicine fellowship–trained orthopaedic surgeon through physical examination. Patients with a diagnosis of IPT were matched at a 1:1 ratio to controls based on age, sex, and body mass index. Demographic characteristics, radiographs and advanced imaging, surgical characteristics, and corticosteroid injection therapy data were obtained via chart review. Statistical analysis was conducted using Mann-Whitney testing and binary logistic regression.

      Results

      Forty patients in whom postoperative IPT developed were identified and matched to 40 control patients in whom postoperative tendinitis did not develop. Increased joint hypermobility, quantified by the Beighton score, was associated with an increased risk of IPT. For each 1-point increase in the Beighton score, there was a 1.69 (95% confidence interval, 1.25-2.29; P < .001) increased odds of IPT development postoperatively. A high (≥4) versus low (<4) Beighton score was associated with an increased likelihood of tendinitis (odds ratio, 9.82; 95% confidence interval, 2.79-34.58; P < .001). However, there was no association between greater Beighton scores and patients’ likelihood of receiving a corticosteroid injection (P = .173).

      Conclusions

      Increased joint hypermobility, quantified by the Beighton score, is associated with an increased risk of IPT developing in the hip arthroscopy postoperative period in patients treated for FAI and labral pathology.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective cohort study.
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