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Hip Arthroscopic Microfracture Augmented With Platelet-Rich, Plasma-Infused Micronized Cartilage Allograft Demonstrates Significant Short-Term Functional Improvements

      Purpose

      To evaluate functional outcomes and survivorship in patients at 1 year after undergoing arthroscopic microfracture augmented with hyaline allograft for symptomatic chondral defects of the hip.

      Methods

      Consecutive patients with and without prior hip procedures presenting with Outerbridge grade IV chondral lesion of the acetabulum or femoral head were prospectively followed. Patients underwent hip microfracture augmented with hyaline allograft suspended in autologous platelet-rich plasma between October 2016 and April 2018. Extent of cartilage degeneration was quantified using the chondromalacia severity index (CMI). Patient functional scores, including Tegner, Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL), Sport-Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), and Nonarthritic Hip Score (NAHS) were collected preoperatively and at minimum 1-year postoperatively. Minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was analyzed. Statistical significance was established at P < .05. Pearson’s coefficient analysis was performed to identify preoperative variables correlated with clinical outcomes.

      Results

      Fifty-seven patients (86.4%) had minimum 1-year follow-up and were included in the final analysis, with a mean age and body mass index (BMI) of 38.3 ± 9.1 years and 27.7 ± 4.9 kg/m2, respectively. Comparison of baseline and postoperative score averages demonstrated significant improvements in Tegner scores (3.7 ± 2.9 vs 5.1 ± 2.6; P = .003), HOS-ADL (63.3 ± 16.4 vs 89.1 ± 14.5; P < .001), HOS-SSS (40.8 ± 20.4 vs 79.5 ± 21.6; P < .001), mHHS (61.5 ± 16.2 vs 87.0 ± 17.7; P < .001), and NAHS (56.6 ± 14.9 vs 78.7 ± 18.3; P < .001). The percentage of patients who achieved MCID for HOS-ADL, HOS-SSS, mHHS, and NAHS were 89.8%, 83.0%, 75.6%, and 81.6%, respectively. Overall, 91.8% of patients met the threshold for achieving MCID in at least one outcome score. Of the 57 patients, 5 (8.8%) failed clinically, with 1 (1.8%) undergoing revision surgery and 4 (6.9%) undergoing conversion to total hip arthroplasty. There was a direct correlation between preoperative alpha angle and postoperative HOS-ADL. Femoral chondral lesion size and CMI inversely correlated with postoperative HOS-ADL.

      Conclusions

      Treatment of hip chondral defects with microfracture and hyaline allograft augmentation demonstrated excellent survivorship and significantly improved patient report outcomes at 1 year.

      Level of Evidence

      IV, retrospective case series.
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