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Biceps Tenodesis Combined With Arthroscopic Posterior Labral Repair for Type VIII SLAP Lesions in Active-Duty Military Patients Yields Excellent Return to Military Duty

      Purpose

      To report short-term outcomes following biceps tenodesis combined with arthroscopic posterior labral repair of type VIII SLAP lesions in active-duty military patients.

      Methods

      All consecutive patients from January 2012 through December 2018 who underwent biceps tenodesis combined with arthroscopic posterior labral repair of type VIII SLAP tears performed by the senior surgeon with complete outcome scores and minimum 2.5 years follow-up were identified. Exclusion criteria included concomitant glenoid microfracture, rotator cuff repair, or other capsulolabral repair. Outcome measures were completed by patients within 7 days before surgery and at latest follow-up. Biceps tenodesis performed was a mini-open, through a subpectoral approach, using a double-loaded 2.9mm suture-anchor.

      Results

      Thirty-two patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. All patients were active-duty military at time of surgery. Average follow-up was 73.53 ± 22.37 months. Thirty-one patients achieved the minimal clinically important difference, 30 of 32 reached the substantial clinical benefit, and 31 of 32 met the patient acceptable symptomatic state, as defined for the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Score. Similarly, 30 of 32 patients reached the minimal clinically important difference, 29 of 32 achieved the substantial clinical benefit, and 32 of 32 met the patient acceptable symptomatic state for the Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation. There were no significant changes in forward flexion, external rotation, or internal rotation between pre- and postoperative measurements. Three patients reported postoperative complications and 1 patient progressed to further surgery. Thirty (93.75%) patients remained on active-duty military service and were able to return to preinjury levels of activity.

      Conclusions

      Active-duty military patients with type VIII SLAP tears had statistically and clinically significant increases in outcome scores, marked improvement in pain, and high rates of return to unrestricted active-duty following mini-open subpectoral biceps tenodesis combined with posterior labral repair.

      Level of Evidence

      IV, retrospective case series.
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