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Comparable Torque to Failure Using the Simple Stich Versus the Figure-of-Eight Configuration for Hip Capsular Closure Following an Interportal Capsulotomy. A Cadaveric Study

      Purpose

      To measure and compare the torque to failure and stiffness of the capsular repair construct consisting of four-suture simple stitches to a two-figure of eight stitches repair construct in external rotation following an interportal capsulotomy.

      Methods

      Six pairs of fresh-frozen cadaveric hemipelves were divided into two capsular repair groups. All hips underwent a 40-mm interportal capsulotomy from the 12 o’clock position to the 3 o’clock position. Capsular closure was performed using either the two stitches in a figure of eight or with four simple stitches. Afterward, each hemipelvis was securely fixed to the frame of a mechanical testing system with the hip in 10° of extension and externally rotated to failure. Significance was set at P < .05.

      Results

      The average failure torque was 86.2 ± 18.9 N·m and 81.5 ± 8.9 N·m (P = .57) for the two stitches in a figure of eight and the four simple stitches, respectively. Failure stiffness was also not statistically different between groups and both capsular closure techniques failed at similar degrees of rotation (P = .65).

      Conclusion

      Hip capsular repair using either the four simple stitch or two-figure of eight configurations following interportal capsulotomy demonstrated comparable failure torques and similar stiffness in a cadaveric model.

      Clinical Relevance

      Adequate and comprehensive capsular management in hip arthroscopy is critical. Capsular repair following capsulotomy in femoroacetabular impingement surgery has been associated with higher patient-reported outcomes when compared to capsulotomy without repair. Therefore, determining which capsular closure construct provides the higher failure torque is important.
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