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Anterolateral Acromioplasty Does Not Change the Critical Shoulder Angle and Acromion Index in a Clinically Relevant Amount

      Purpose

      Assessment on whether radiographic parameters of the acromion measured in radiographs change significantly after anterolateral acromioplasty.

      Methods

      This retrospective study included patients that underwent an arthroscopic anterolateral acromioplasty between January 2014 and September 2020. n = 435 subjects with high-quality preoperative and postoperative radiographs according to Suter-Henninger criteria were included in the final assessment. All measurements were independently performed by the first and second author in a blinded fashion using dicomPACS software: acromion index (AI), critical shoulder angle (CSA), lateral acromial angle (LAA), beta angle, acromio-humeral distance (AHD), Aoki angle, frontal supraspinatus outlet angle (FSOW), and acromion type, according to Bigliani. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis.

      Results

      The beta angle and the CSA did not significantly change after operation (alpha power 0.32 and 0.11, respectively). In a subgroup analysis of patients with a pathological CSA >35° (n = 194), the CSA changed from 38.62 (range: 35.08-47.52, SD 2.83) to 38.04 (range: 29.18-48.12, SD 3.77) postoperatively (P = .028) (Fig 8). All other parameters changed significantly after operation (AI, AHD, FSOW, and Aoki; P = .001, LAA; P = .039) (Fig. 9). The interobserver and intraobserver reliability was good to excellent in the majority of measured values. Mean patient age was 59.2 years (range: 18.1-87.1; SD 11.3), mean height was 1.73 meters (range: 1,50-1.98, SD 0.09), mean weight was 80.2 kg (range: 37.0-133.0, SD 16.68), and mean body mass index was 26.6 (range: 0.0-46.1, SD 4.73).

      Conclusion

      Anterolateral acromioplasty producing a flat acromion undersurface did not result in a significant change of the CSA in the study population. Pathological preoperative CSA values of >35° were significantly reduced but not to normal values, but only by a small amount that puts the clinical relevance into question.

      Level of Evidence

      IV, diagnostic study, case series
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