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Pre-existing Mental Health Diagnoses Are Associated With Higher Rates of Postoperative Complications, Readmissions, and Reoperations Following Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

      Purpose

      To investigate the association between preoperative mental health disorders and postoperative complications, readmissions, and ipsilateral revision procedures among patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR).

      Methods

      A retrospective cohort study from 2010 to 2020 was performed using the PearlDiver database. Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases codes were used to compare patients with and without mental health disorders who underwent arthroscopic RCR. Mental health disorders evaluated in this study include depressive disorder, major depressive disorder, major depressive affective disorder, bipolar disorder, dysthymic disorder, adjustment disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Patients were matched at a 1:1 ratio based on age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index, body mass index, and tobacco use. Rates of complications and subsequent surgeries were compared between patients with and without a preoperative diagnosis of a mental health disorder.

      Results

      The 1-year preoperative prevalence of a mental health disorder from 2010 to 2020 was 14.6%. After 1:1 matching, patients with a mental health disorder who underwent arthroscopic RCR were nearly twice as likely to undergo a revision procedure (odds ratio 1.94, 95% confidence interval 1.76-2.14, P < .001) and more than twice as likely to experience conversion to shoulder arthroplasty (odds ratio 2.29, 95% confidence interval 1.88-2.80, P < .001) within 2 years of initial arthroscopy when compared with patients without a mental disorder. Patients with a mental disorder also experienced increased risk for 90-day readmission (1.9% vs 0%, P < .001) as well as multiple postoperative medical complications.

      Conclusions

      Patients with pre-existing mental health diagnoses experience increased rates of 90-day postoperative complications and readmissions following arthroscopic RCR. In addition, patients with mental health diagnoses are more likely to undergo revision repair and conversion to shoulder arthroplasty within 2 years of the index procedure.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III.
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