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Mosaicplasty With High Tibial Osteotomy for Knee Subchondral Insufficiency Fracture Had Better Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue Scores With Less Bone Marrow Edema and Better Plug Union and Less Plug Necrosis Compared With Mosaicplasty Alone

Published:September 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2022.07.020

      Purpose

      To determine the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings after mosaicplasty (MOS) for knee subchondral insufficiency fracture (SIFK), and to analyze the relationship between MRI findings and clinical outcomes.

      Methods

      We retrospectively reviewed the cases of consecutive patients who underwent MOS for SIFK with/without high tibial osteotomy (HTO) between January 1998 and December 2015. The MRI findings at 12 months after the surgery were assessed by the modified magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score to determine the degree of bone marrow edema (BME), plug union, and plug necrosis. The clinical outcomes were assessed by Lysholm score to clarify the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and patient acceptable symptom state analysis.

      Results

      In total, 58 patients (17 men and 41 women) were enrolled in this study. Among them, 30 knees were treated by MOS alone and 28 knees were treated by MOS with HTO. The MOCART scores of patients who received MOS alone were significantly lower in BME score (P = .0060), plug union score (P = .0216), and in plug necrosis score (P = .0326) than patients who received MOS with HTO. BME lesion was less likely to persist among elderly (odds ratio 1.20, P = .0248) and female (OR 41.8, P = .0118) patients. The MCID of Lysholm score was 6.6 in MOS alone and 8.4 in MOS with HTO cases, but there were no significant association between MRI findings and the postoperative Lysholm score.

      Conclusions

      The MOS with HTO cases had better MOCART scores with less BME, better plug union, and less plug necrosis compared with MOS alone cases. Female and older patients had better resolution of BME, but there was no significant correlation between MRI findings and the postoperative Lysholm score. All cases in both groups showed improvement of Lysholm score exceeding MCID; thus, MOS may be effective as a joint preserving surgery for SIFK.

      Level of Evidence

      Level IV, clinical case series.
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