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Hip Arthroscopy in the Presence of Advanced Osteoarthritis Results in 57% Survivorship, With 78% Survivor Satisfaction, at 10 Years. A Matched-Control Study

      Purpose

      To (1) determine the 10-year survivorship (avoidance of total hip arthroplasty, THA) for patients with advanced osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, and (2) compare survivorship and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with a matched-control group without OA.

      Methods

      Advanced OA hips (Tönnis ≥2) were matched in a 1:1 ratio (age ± 5 years, sex) to hips with preoperative Tönnis grade ≤1. Exclusion criteria was dysplasia, age <18 years, previous hip conditions/surgeries, and bilaterally operated patients with OA on one side only. Survival was estimated by Kaplan–Meier analysis for levels of sex, age groups and Tönnis. Cox proportional hazards model estimated hazard ratios (HR) of undergoing THA conversion. Where THA was avoided, outcomes and proportion of cases achieving patient acceptable symptomatic state was determined

      Results

      53 OA hips were matched with 53 control hips. Survival distributions were significantly different for: (1) Group: OA 57.1%, control 87.0% (P = .001); (2) Tönnis grade: Tönnis 0, 89.2%; Tönnis 1, 77.8%; Tönnis 2, 67.6%; Tönnis 3, 25.0% (P < .001); and (3) age: (OA: 75.0% vs 44.8%, control: 100%, vs 75.0%, for <35 and >35 years respectively) (P = .002). Conversion to THA was greater for increasing Tönnis: HR 1.9 (P = .450), 3.5 (P = .032), and 11.0 (P < .001) for Tönnis 1, 2, and 3 respectively, relative to no OA (Tönnis 0) and >35 years: HR 4.3 (95% confidence interval 1.6-11.3, P = .003). Patient acceptable symptomatic state achievement was similar for both groups (78% OA vs 91% control, P = .167). modified Harris Hip Score and Short Form-36 significantly improved within both groups from baseline to 10 years

      Conclusions

      Arthroscopic correction of femoroacetabular impingement, in the presence of advanced OA results in 57% survivorship at 10 years (68% Tönnis 2, 25% Tönnis 3). Where THA was avoided, 78% considered their 10-year post-HA state to be satisfactory, with patient-reported outcomes similar to a matched non-OA cohort. Tönnis 2 in particular should be considered for arthroscopic hip preservation to avoid the need to prematurely replace the hip joint.

      Level of Evidence

      IV, case series.
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