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Mid-Term Outcomes of the All-Soft Quadriceps Tendon Autograft Are Noninferior to Hamstring Autograft in Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Comparison With Minimum 5-Year Follow-up

Published:November 04, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arthro.2022.10.035

      Purpose

      To compare the 5-year clinical and functional outcomes of the soft-tissue quadriceps tendon (QT) with those of the hamstring tendon (HT) autograft.

      Methods

      A retrospective review of patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using either soft-tissue QT or double-tendon HT autograft with at least 5 years of follow-up was conducted. Surgical technique included anteromedial portal creation for the femoral tunnel and transtibial technique for the tibia. Graft fixation was achieved with interference composite screws for the QT and combination of interference composite screw and suture button for the HT cohort. The 2 groups were compared for differences in outcomes, including International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, return to sport, and complications.

      Results

      A total of 37 patients with QT autograft and 46 HT autografts were included in the study, with a mean follow up of 69.9 months and 70.9 months, respectively. The QT group demonstrated a larger graft size on average (9.64 mm vs 7.90 mm, P < .001). The IKDC and Lysholm scores were similar between the 2 groups at 2-years’ postoperatively. At 5 years’ postoperatively, the QT group demonstrated significantly greater IKDC (P = .018) and Lysholm (P = .007) scores. The cohorts demonstrated similar rates of achieving minimal clinically important difference thresholds at both 2 and 5 years’ postoperatively. The 2 groups also demonstrated comparable rates of return to sport, time to return, and postoperative complications.

      Conclusions

      Although the QT autograft demonstrated increased patient-reported outcome scores when compared with the HT at 5 years’ postoperatively, there was no clinically significant difference between the cohorts at 2 or 5 years’ postoperatively. The QT autograft is an effective alternative to HT autograft with noninferior results to the HT autograft at mid-term follow-up.

      Level of Evidence

      III, retrospective comparison study.
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