Changes in Hip Labral Size Two Years After Arthroscopic Repair Are Correlated With Preoperative Measurements on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Published:January 05, 2023DOI:


      The purposes of our study were 1) to investigate the potential change of labral size after arthroscopic repair and 2) to analyze the relationship between acetabular labral size and functional outcomes.


      In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with labral tear and undergoing hip arthroscopic repair in our institution between September 2016 and December 2018 were included. Magnetic resonance imaging was obtained preoperatively and postoperatively, and the labral length and labral height were measured in three anatomic sites: 11:30, 1:30, and 3:00 positions. All patients completed at least 2-year follow-up. Patients whose preoperative labral size in any position wider than 2 standard deviation away from the mean were identified as the hypertrophic labrum group and were compared with the control in radiographic variables and patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including the visual analog scale (VAS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), the International Hip Outcome Tool-12 (iHOT-12) and the Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL).


      A total of 82 patients (82 hips) were included, and the mean follow-up period was 39.54 ± 8.48 months. Significant improvement in PROs was determined before and after surgeries. Twelve patients were identified with labral hypertrophy and had higher postoperative mHHS scores, higher postoperative iHOT-12 scores, and greater improvement in HOS-ADL compared with the control group. Patients with larger preoperative anterosuperior labral height exhibited more favorable clinical outcomes. Meanwhile, no significantly morphologic change in labral size was determined.


      There is no significantly morphologic change in labral size of superior, anterosuperior, and anterior labrum after arthroscopic repair. Patients with hypertrophic labrum achieved more favorable clinical outcomes compared with those with normal-sized labrum.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective comparative prognostic trial.
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