Original Article|Articles in Press

Concomitant Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy Reduces the Risk of Revision Surgery After Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction for the Treatment of Patellar Instability

Published:February 17, 2023DOI:


      The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative complication rates between patients who underwent medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLR) and those who underwent MPFLR with tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) in a large-scale study. A secondary goal was to investigate demographic associations with outcomes.


      Patients who underwent MPFLR (n = 3,480) or MPFLR-TTO (n = 615) for patellar instability were identified in the PearlDiver database. Rates of surgery for infection, procedures for knee stiffness, patellar fracture, and revision MPFLR within 2 years postoperatively were compared using multivariable logistic regression. Demographic associations with outcomes were also investigated.


      The MPFLR-TTO cohort exhibited a significantly lower rate of revision surgery at 2 years (0.8% vs 1.9%; odds ratio [OR], 0.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.10-0.80; P = .036) when compared with the MPFLR group. Independent of index procedure, patients younger than 21 years had significantly lower rates of requiring procedures for knee stiffness (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.22-0.54; P < .001) and any complication at 2 years (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.45-0.78; P < .001) when compared with older patients. Male patients displayed a significantly lower rate of requiring procedures for knee stiffness at 2 years than female patients (OR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.25-0.78; P = .007). Tobacco use was associated with a significantly higher rate of postoperative infection at 2 years (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.00-5.38; P = .046).


      The MPFLR cohort exhibited higher rates of revision surgery at 2 years compared with the MPFLR-TTO cohort. Patient age under 21 years was associated with lower rates of any complication and requiring procedures for knee stiffness, male sex was associated with a lower rate of requiring procedures for knee stiffness, and tobacco use was associated with a higher rate of surgery for postoperative infection. This information can assist surgeons when counseling patients before these procedures are performed.

      Level of Evidence

      Level III, retrospective, comparative prognostic trial.
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