Research Article|Articles in Press

Management of acute high-grade acromioclavicular joint dislocations: comparable clinical and radiological outcomes after bidirectional arthroscopic-assisted stabilization with the single low-profile suture button technique vs. double suture button technique



      This study was to compare the two-year clinical and radiological outcomes of an arthroscopic-assisted bidirectional stabilization procedure using single low-profile (LPSB) or double suture button (DSB) techniques with additional percutaneous acromioclavicular (AC) cerclage fixation for patients with acute high-grade AC joint dislocation.


      This retrospective cohort study compared male patients aged between 18-56 years with acute high-grade AC joint dislocation fixed with either a LPSB or DSB technique. Patients were examined at least 24 months post-surgery. Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), Taft (TF) and Acromioclavicular Joint Instability scores (ACJI) were evaluated. Coracoclavicular difference, ossification, AC joint osteoarthritis and dynamic posterior translation (DPT) were assessed on bilateral anteroposterior stress radiographs and modified Alexander views. The revision rate due to implant conflict and duration of surgery were reported. Group outcome differences were analyzed using standardized hypothesis tests.


      28 patients aged 39.2 (LPSB) and 36.4 years (DSB) (p=0.319; CI -2.77 – 8.34) were eligible per cohort. The follow-up was 30.5 (LPSB) and 37.4 months (DSB) (p=0.02; CI -12.73 – -1.08). LPSB patients rated a significantly higher SSV (93.2% vs. 81.9% (DSB); p=0.004). TF and ACJI scores were similar between groups. Coracoclavicular difference markedly decreased from 12 mm to 3 mm for both cohorts (p<0.001). Ossification was identified in over 85% in both cohorts (p=0.160; CI -0.77 – 0.13) and osteoarthritis in 21.4% (LPSB) and 39.3% (DSB) (p=0.150). Persistent DPT was found in around 30% for both cohorts (p=0.561; CI -0.26 – 0.48). The revision rates were 0% (LPSB) and 7% (DSB) (p=0.491). LPSB surgery was shorter (59.7 vs. 71.5 mins [DSB]) (p=0.011).


      The results of the LPSB and DSB techniques with additional percutaneous AC cerclage fixation showed comparable outcomes with excellent clinical and satisfactory radiological results. The assessment of the subjective patients satisfaction was in favor of the LPSB technique and no postoperative revision event was observed following this procedure.
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