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The “N + 7 Rule” for tibial tunnel placement in endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

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      Abstract

      Tibial tunnel placement during endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has received increased emphasis in the recent literature. Appropriate tunnel length is a critical technical consideration. A tunnel that is too short results in graft extrusion, necessitating supplemental fixation techniques. A tunnel that is too long may make distal fixation and femoral tunnel placement difficult. A simple rule is proposed that allows for correct tunnel length and allows placement of the bone plug consistently within the tibial tunnel, allowing interference screw fixation.

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